Grade 5 Curriculum Summary
Students grow in understanding of their role as disciples of Jesus Christ in continuing His mission to share the life of God with all people. Students learn that as members of the Body of Christ, we meet Jesus in Scripture and through His presence in the sacraments which strengthen our relationship with God and the Church. Students grow in understanding and appreciation of our Catholic identity, the seasons of the liturgical year, the example of Mary and the Saints as models of discipleship, as well as the origin and celebration of the seven sacraments.
Students expand their knowledge of place value of whole numbers through billions and thousandths. Fifth grade topics include multiplication and division of multi-digit whole numbers, as well as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of multi-digit decimals. Students will expand their understanding of fractions to include addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of both fractions and mixed numbers. Other topics include: measurement conversions in customary and metric systems, plane geometry, area and volume, and beginning algebraic expressions. Problem solving of real-world problems will be explored throughout the year.
Students expand their knowledge of parts of speech and sentence construction and develop their command of standards of grammar in writing and speaking. Writing genres include: narrative, business letter, how-to, descriptive, and short research projects. Comprehension, vocabulary, and spelling skills and fluency are introduced, developed, and applied through reading genres including informational text and various types of literature.
Students expand their understanding of the geography of the United States. They explore the history, economics, government, and culture of our country through their study of these aspects within each of the diverse regions of the United States. Skill in reading and interpreting maps, charts and graphs, citizenship skills, and critical thinking skills are developed throughout the year.
The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as: “When matter changes, does weight change? How much water can be found in different places on Earth? Can new substances be created by combining other substances? How does matter cycle through ecosystems? Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for? How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day? How does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?